„The state of Brandenburg is a trendsetter in the development of renewable energy and has a high stake in enabling the secure and efficient operation of the system despite the fluctuating energy feed-in. Through the WindNODE project, we can establish and - based on models - further develop successful regional solutions for the improved system integration of renewable energy. This includes the approaches of the Uckermark regional power plant as well as various individual projects in the Lusatia energy region."
Dr. Dietmar Woidke, Minister-President of Brandenburg
Energy transition in Brandenburg
More than one tenth of the energy consumed in Germany is generated in Brandenburg. With a mix of renewable and conventional energy, Brandenburg is a reliable supplier of affordable and environmentally friendly electricity from domestic sources. In terms of wind and solar power, Brandenburg is also one of Germany’s forerunners.
Since 1990 already, the REN programme of the Ministry for Economic Affairs promotes all types of renewable energy generation. As a result, Brandenburg received the ‘Leitstern’ (guiding star) prize for renewable energy for its efforts in 2008, 2010 and 2012 in a comparison of all German states.
The energy strategy for 2030 adopted by the state government in 2012 therefore focuses on the system integration of renewable energy sources as well as on the coupling of the electricity, heating and mobility sectors.
The aim is for the final energy consumption to drop by 23 per cent by 2030. This corresponds to 1.1 per cent annually on average. By 2030, CO2 emissions shall drop by 72 per cent compared to the internationally common reference year 1990. Furthermore, renewable energy will have to represent a share of 40 per cent in final energy consumption and at least 32 per cent of primary energy consumption.
Moreover, the decentralised generation of energy from renewable sources contributes to regional value creation. It creates new job opportunities in industry, trade and research. If more domestic energy sources are exploited, Germany’s dependency on imported fossil fuels is reduced.
To ensure that the energy produced here reaches the industrial consumption centres with sufficient reliability, Brandenburg is committed to a rapid development of grid infrastructure. However, the development of renewable energy and grids leads to grid fees that are considerably higher than the national average. Brandenburg is therefore committed to the fair and equitable sharing of the costs for the energy transition.
For a better system integration of renewable energy, both grid expansion and the development of storage technologies have to be intensified. In addition to the challenge to guarantee a secure energy supply around the clock, 365 days a year, the energy has to remain affordable as well. This is why Brandenburg still relies on lignite technology to bridge the gap, until renewable energy can guarantee a reliable energy supply at all times.
The German energy transition offers many opportunities and challenges for the energy and industrial state of Brandenburg. Statistically, the energy technology industry is comprised of 6,000 companies and employs over 56,000 people in Berlin and Brandenburg, which is why it is of strategic importance for the capital region.
Research and development in the fields of energy and climate therefore still receive firm support. The energy technology industry is part of the energy strategy for 2030 and the innovation strategy for Berlin-Brandenburg as well as of the cluster approach these require. Furthermore, the energy strategy for 2030 provides for the participation of the different stakeholders and aims to promote acceptance of the required measures.
The active contribution and participation in the ‘smart energy’ showcase of the German federal government since 2017 by numerous companies from Berlin and Brandenburg involved in the WindNODE partnership are clear proof of the region's competence.
"As a model region for a smart interconnected and flexible energy system, WindNODE sets itself the challenges of the energy transition. After all, the showcase region demonstrates potential technological and digital solutions to guarantee a secure and efficient energy supply, even when the electricity generation is volatile. Here, the state of Brandenburg can contribute its experiences in connection with conventional and renewable energy sources.
The projects implemented by various regional partners particularly focus on the aspects of flexible generation and regional power plants as well as efficient operating concepts for electrical grids."
Jörg Steinbach, Minister for Economic Affairs and Energy of Brandenburg
Foto: MWE / Till Budde