Within WindNODE, the Department of Energy Systems of the TU Berlin developed a set of indicators which allow a multicriteria assessment of model-based energy transition paths. The indicators cover the dimensions of cost efficiency, security of supply as well as environmental and social sustainability. They are applied to three different scenarios for energy transition: A basic scenario, an efficiency scenario with a focus on technologies reducing the power and heat demand, and a scenario with a faster switch from combustion engines to electric vehicles. The comprehensive analysis reveals the different strengths and weaknesses of the scenarios and enables a differentiated assessment of options that do not have the minimal costs but could lead to significant improvements in other dimensions.
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