One issue that the Institut für Klimaschutz, Energie und Mobilität e. V. (Institute for Climate Protection, Energy and Mobility, IKEM) focuses on in these papers is the major upcoming challenge of the future funding of systems for generating electricity from renewables. To this end, a legal assessment is made of considerations at play in the reform of the funding mechanism under the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG) and the handling of the 'EEG backpack' of funding claims that have built up over the years. In particular, selected legal problem areas are highlighted which must be taken into account in the various ways in which the system could be designed. Looking ahead, two models are presented which could be used, alongside the existing EEG support, to fund installations generating renewables.
Download from IKEM (in German): Brochure on funding renewables
In another analysis, IKEM looks at selected systemic approaches to the reform of power grid fees to be paid by end consumers. In all, five disruptive options for overhauling these are presented, with their main features being examined and an analysis being made of their legal feasibility. Three approaches were identified here with stakeholders from the WindNODE consortium as particularly forward-looking. In this light, energy transition-related cost components will be rolled out across Germany to offset the regional spread of grid fees. The fees themselves will feature variable tariff components, and power generators will also be included in the fee obligation to ensure enhanced regional control of the additional generation.
Download from IKEM (in German): Brochure on grid fees
In a brief analysis, the contents of the SINTEG regulations, which also form the basis for the WindNODE project, have been set out in a user-friendly way and illustrated using the example of grid-fee calculation and preferential grid fees for special uses of the grid. This makes clear that the regulation only removes obstacles to the supply of flexibility. However, there are no further incentives for flexibility options, as the ordinance standardises the absorption of economic advantages.
Download from IKEM (in German): SINTEG-V regulations